A proper grog often included lime juice to help to stave off scurvy and a measure of cane sugar to help kill the bitterness of the water. The sailors rum ration was added to the water for a more important reason than just killing the taste of the water. The rum was added to water to prevent hoarding of the rum ration. By adding the rum to the water, the alcohol would be diluted and lessen the chance of the sailor becoming drunk. In addition, the rum rations was given to sailors to help them keep their spine during battle. A little rum helped to steady the nerves of the gun crews.
Despite the rationing of rum, sailors would often find ways to have a stash of illegal alcohol aboard ship. It may have been smuggled liquors from a shore leave or made from an illegal still stashed somewhere on the ship. Alcohol always remained a problem aboard ship. Add approximately one ounce of fine rum the rum used in the Royal Navy was an exceptional quality alcohol to tin or glass of water 7 to 9 oz. When it was made onboard ship it was usually made in a large barrel called the grog tub and then rationed out to the sailors.
Grog gets its name from Old Grogram, the nick name of British Rear Admiral Edward Vernon who order his sailors rum ration diluted to prevent hoarding and drunkenness. Grab rails: Hand-hold fittings mounted on cabin tops and sides for personal safety when moving around the boat. Grommet: A name British seamen gave to an apprentice sailor, or ship's boy.
The word comes from the Spanish word grumete, which has the same meaning.
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Guarda Guarda costa, Guarda del costa : Coastal vessels deployed by Spain to protects ports along the Main. Shipsof England's Royal Africa Company. Gun Room: A division of the lower deck, abaft, enclosed with network, for the use of the gunner and junior lieutenant, and in which their cabins stand. Gunwale: The upper edge of a boat's sides. Handsomely: To accomplish a task with skill and dexterity.
Dates from around Some sources say it is to do things quickly but this was not the actual meaning.
Hanging cabin: A hammock or cot, often for common sailors. Hatch: An opening in a boat's deck fitted with a watertight cover. Haul: To pull a rope. Hawse: That part of the bows of a ship in which the hawse-holes are cut for the cables to pass through Head: For the purpose of this page, the upper corner of a triangular sail. Heading: The direction in which a vessel's bow points at any given time.
Head Way: The forward motion of a boat. Opposite of sternway. Hearties Me Hearties : One with Heart, a brave a loyal mate or sailor.
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Heave Ahead: To advance the ship by heaving in the cable or other rope fastened to an anchor at some distance before her. Heave Astern: To move a ship backwards by an operation similar to that of heaving ahead. Heave Down: to turn a ship over on one side by means of purchases attached to the masts, for cleaning, repairing, etc. Also intr. The part thus raised above the water is said to be hove out.
Heave To: to bring the ship to a standstill by setting the sails so as to counteract each other; to make her lie to. Heels, Show Her: When a ship runs from a pursuer it is said to "show her heels" Hell-raking: Debauchery.
Living a violent, unrestrained, loose and wanton life. Helm: The wheel or tiller controlling the rudder. Helmsman: The person who steers the boat. High and Dry: The situation of a ship when so far run a-ground as to be seen dry upon the strand. Stranded Hitch also halfhitch : A knot used to secure a rope to another object or to another rope, or to form a loop or a noose in a rope.
Hogshead: A large cask usually used for shipping wine and spirits or other liquids or dry goods. In the Americas, Hogsheads were used frequently in the transportation of tobacco and sugar cane. The tobacco hogshead used in colonial times was very large. The standardized hogshead measured 48 inches long and 30 inches in diameter at the head. Fully packed with tobacco, it weighed about pounds. So next time sing 15 men on a dead man's chest, yo ho ho and a hogshead of rum!
Hoist: To draw up any body by the assistance of one or more tackles. Hold: A compartment below deck in a large vessel, used solely for carrying cargo. Holy-stone: A soft sandstone used by sailors for scouring the decks of ships. The term came in to use around Hornpipe: 1: A musical wind instrument having the bell and mouthpiece made of horn. The insturment was often played aboard ship as the only form of music. If compared with today's forms of entertainment the hornpipe was the "basic cable package" for the 18th Century mariner. Dates from the late s Hornswoggle: To cheat or bamboozle The term came in to use in Hoy: A small vessel, usually rigged as a sloop, and employed in carrying passengers and goods, particularly in short distances on the sea-coast.
Hull: The main body of a vessel. Indies: Until , a group of Islands of the coast of China. Interloper: a person or ship that intrudes into another nation or company's trading area.